Download Diaspora Networks and the International Migration of Skills by Yevgeny Kuznetsov PDF

By Yevgeny Kuznetsov

This publication examines the interplay of expatriate expertise with associations in expatriates’ international locations of beginning in an try and make the opportunity of diasporas and their wisdom a fact. A important subject is the severe value of those domestic state associations which are drawn to and able to enforcing joint initiatives with entrepreneurial networks of diaspora execs. the standard of those associations varies broadly: a few are tremendous able; others are usually not. Diaspora networks hyperlink better-performing segments of domestic state associations with forward-looking segments of the diaspora. The latter have the aptitude to generate a virtuous cycle that develops either domestic nation associations and diaspora networks. The query of the way to set off and maintain the sort of virtuous cycle that generates advantages for all events involved—sending nations, receiving nations, and expatriates themselves—is a principal situation of this publication. the focal point is at the “how to” information of the way to layout powerful diaspora networks and remodel mind drain into mind achieve. lots of the chapters are written by means of people with direct wisdom of diaspora interventions or with diaspora event.

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CHANGING THE PSYCHOLOGY OF LABOR MIGRATION. Today there is increasing policy interest in the development impact of labor migration on the home region, yet much of the policy discussion takes as a given that the labor migration is essentially a way of life for the local communities. 2). The project of local development is probably lost if this labor migration continues as a way of life. There are two related arguments here. One argument is that the static-efficiency option of increased earnings through semipermanent labor migration is dynamically inefficient in the sense of foreclosing on the option of local development.

After World War II, workers from Turkey, the former Yugoslavia, and a number of other countries in southern Europe and North Africa were welcomed into northern Europe, particularly the Federal Republic of Germany. The remittances sent back were sizable, and in some countries were the single largest source of foreign exchange. Yet when unemployment rose abruptly in northern Europe, for example, in 1974 and 1980, hundreds of thousands of guest workers lost their jobs and returned to “the same unemployment and underemployment they had left” (Jacobs 1984, p.

Is the relevant group the people of the home country or region (excluding those who have left or might leave) or the people of the world as a whole? Is the policy commitment to a specific place or nation or to an identifiable set of people? Johnson, a Canadian who taught at the University of Chicago and the London School of Economics, stakes out what he called the “cosmopolitan liberal position,” 21 22 The Dynamics of Migration of the Highly Skilled: A Survey of the Literature noting that he expects “many educated international migrants would share this position” (Johnson 1968, p.

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