By Sonia G. Benson
Within the moment half the nineteenth century, the United States remodeled itself into an commercial energy, able to imagine a dominant place at the global scene within the twentieth century. the improvement of industrialization and the shopper society led to possibilities for plenty of americans as a part of an ever-growing center type, but additionally led to environmental and social degradation that we proceed to accommodate today.
UXL's Development of the commercial U.S. Reference Library: Almanac strains the impression of the British business Revolution on the US and different countries and discusses such effective forces as advances in transportation and verbal exchange, innovations that remodeled production and agriculture, the expansion of exchange and lots more and plenty extra.
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Additional resources for Development of the industrial U.S. Almanac
In order to convert iron ores to iron and steel, manufacturers heated the raw materials using charcoal as fuel. Charcoal is made by burning wood in a kiln. After many years of cutting down trees for this purpose, wood had become scarce in England and iron and steel producers had to look for another fuel. They found this fuel in coke, which is what coal turns into when it is heated in the absence of air. Coke was cheaper to produce than charcoal and more efficient because it could be packed more tightly into a furnace, therefore allowing a larger volume of iron to be heated.
Almanac time was spent making the household goods. But industrialization was not beneficial for everyone. The people who worked in the factories often found their living conditions much worse than in a farming environment. They now faced repetitive, unhealthy, and sometimes dangerous work, long working hours, low pay, and miserable living conditions in the factory towns. The new United States In 1790 the newly formed United States lagged far behind England in industrialization. Of the five million people living in the country at the end of the century, more than 80 percent were farmers.
The telegraph, like the railroad, symbolized the advent of the new era in which the distances between people, institutions, and political units were drastically reduced. , David M. Kennedy, and Lizabeth Cohen. The American Pageant. 11th ed. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1998. Hindle, Brooke, and Steven Lubar. Engines of Change: The American Industrial Revolution, 1790–1860. Washington, DC and London: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1986. , ed. The Industrial Revolution in America. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1998.