Download Desert (Studies in Moral Political & Legal Philosophy) by George Sher PDF

By George Sher

"A advanced and sophisticated depiction of a hugely abnormal conceptual terrain. . . . Sher's dialogue is certain to play an enormous half in destiny wondering wilderness. It has many virtues, most advantageous between them its thoroughness and readability and its refusal to ward off problems. It represents a stimulating and educative contribution to a number of diversified parts of philosophical debate, and on a lot of these grounds merits to be greatly read."--A. C. Grayling, occasions better schooling complement "George Sher's booklet is a entire and confident account of our pre-reflective intuitions of desolate tract. Sher reports the good number of desert-claims that come up in reference to wages, prizes, honors, rewards, and consequences, in addition to in miscellaneous settings, and elaborates a suite of helping justifications. the result's a in actual fact written, heavily reasoned, usually inventive protection of desert."--Kenneth Winston, Political thought "Although I comprehend it has turn into a clich to compliment a ebook by way of announcing that it may be required analyzing, i feel that any longer those that might write on desolate tract (either professional or con), or who may presuppose a few notions of wilderness of their writings on different themes, have a duty to review Sher's book."--Jeffrie Murphy, The Philosophical evaluation (forthcoming)

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Extra resources for Desert (Studies in Moral Political & Legal Philosophy)

Sample text

That is what he or she deserves-and that is all he or she deserves . . Consider, again, someone who takes risks with his or her health-driving without fastening the seat belt, for example . He or she has done something silly , and in some sense deserves to suffer the consequences of such silliness. But being thrown through the windshield is surely far more punishment than he or she could be said to deserve . He or she was, after all, run­ ning only a 1 in 10,000 chance of crashing. His or her deserts , calculated as in the lottery example above, would be only 11 10,000th of the pain he or she suffers going through the wind­ shield.

Throughout, people's intui­ tions will be invoked only to suggest which beliefs are candidates for justification , and to serve as a check on the justifications pro­ duced. VII What, finally, is the book's actual argument? Since our topic is the justification of desert-claims, the n atural starting point is John Rawls's influential argument that nobody (pre-institutionally) de­ serves anything because nobody des erves the talents and abilities that make his actions possible. By exposing the defects of this ar­ gument, I attempt in Chapter 2 to defuse the most urgent of our puzzles .

E. Hobart, "Free Will as Involving Determinism and Inconceivable Without It," Mind 43, no. 169 (January 1934) , pp. 1-27. 35 CHAPTER TWO petition is certainly o n e important context which gives rise to de­ sert, it is clearly not the o n ly such context. Instead, anyone initially sympathetic to desert will hold that people may also come to de­ serve things in many other ways. They may acquire desert by working hard, acting wrongly, behaving virtuously, performing heroic acts, and so on . There is, of course, much room for disagree­ ment over this list, but the basic point is beyond dispute.

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