Download Decoding Al-Qaeda's Strategy: The Deep Battle Against by Michael W. S. Ryan PDF

By Michael W. S. Ryan

By way of consulting the paintings of famous and imprecise al-Qaeda theoreticians, Michael W. S. Ryan reveals jihadist terrorism process has extra in universal with the rules of Maoist guerrilla battle than mainstream Islam. Encouraging strategists and researchers to commit higher realization to jihadi rules instead of jihadist army operations, Ryan builds a good framework for examining al-Qaeda's plans opposed to the US and constructs a compelling counternarrative to the West's meant "war on Islam."
Ryan examines the Salafist roots of al-Qaeda ideology and the contributions of its most famed founders, Osama Bin weighted down and Ayman al-Zawahiri, in a political-military context. He additionally reads the Arabic-language works of lesser identified theoreticians who've performed an instrumental position in framing al-Qaeda's so-called warfare of the oppressed. those authors easily cite the guerrilla recommendations of Mao, Che Guevara, and the mastermind of the Vietnam conflict, basic Giap. additionally they comprise the arguments of yank theorists writing on "fourth-generation warfare."

Through those texts, readers adventure occasions as insiders see them, and via focusing on the actions and pronouncements of al-Qaeda's proposal leaders, in particular in Yemen, they figure the direct hyperlink among al-Qaeda's strategies and traits in anti-U.S. terrorism. Ryan exhibits al-Qaeda's political-military technique to be a innovative and mostly secular departure from the vintage Muslim notion of jihad, including helpful dimensions to the operational, mental, and informational suggestions already deployed by means of America's army within the zone.

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Extra resources for Decoding Al-Qaeda's Strategy: The Deep Battle Against America (Columbia Studies in Terrorism and Irregular Warfare)

Example text

The Egyptian sees this paradoxical contrast between material advancement and moral depravity as the reason why America has no moral standing to provide leadership to the world community. 21 My purpose is to focus on several key concepts that Qutb developed to support his call for violent revolutionary jihad in Egypt. Chief among these were jahiliyyah (barbarism or ignorance) and hakimiyyah (sovereignty), which later became building blocks in al-Qaeda’s ideology and are assumed by its strategy. Qutb wrote about these ideas from an Egyptian jail.

And [we encounter] the Divinity of Allah alone, and His Lordship over the universe, the destruction of the kingdom of human caprice on the earth and the establishment of the kingdom of the divine Shari‘ah in the world of mankind. As for the attempt to create justifications of Islamic jihad in the current narrow understanding of “defensive war” and the attempt to research the traditions to confirm that the instances of Islamic jihad were purely to turn back the neighboring enemy powers from the Islamic Nation—understood by some to be the Arabian Peninsula—is an attempt that grows out of insufficient understanding of the nature of this religion and the role it came to play on the earth.

Only a few extreme situations would allow a child to defy his parents. Qutb argues that if a parent sides with the enemies of Islam, then the child must turn away from that parent. Jihad presents a further challenge. If a proper Islamic authority calls for jihad, a son must respond if he is able. Establishing a proper authority in Sunni Islam, which recognizes no clergy or hierarchy, is challenging. When the call went out for volunteers to go on jihad against Soviet forces in Afghanistan, this issue gained real importance.

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