By Ann Danaiya Usher
DAMS AS AID
Dams have severe environmental and social affects. Public competition to dams exists in nearly each kingdom the place there's the democratic area to specific dissent. Western donors face an intractable challenge after they provide dams as reduction. This ebook explores how reduction organizations deal with this dilemma.
Dams as reduction is a serious exploration of dams which sheds gentle at the wider problems with the political economic system of relief, the surroundings debate and North—South hyperlinks. Focusing relatively on Nordic (Swedish and Norwegian) reduction for hydro dams within the constructing global, it describes why dams aren't any longer inbuilt the zone, the mechanism by which Northern reduction funds subsidizes the dams to discover new markets within the South, and the struggles and politics surrounding dam tasks, focusing on 3 Nordic-financed dam tasks in Chile, Tanzania and Laos.
This ebook appears at energy dams from the perspective in their social and environmental affects, and the way those affects are reviewed through Nordic donors. The Nordic concentration highlights styles within the aid-financing of hydro-power tasks linking donors, experts and dam-building corporations that exist with different multilateral tasks. whereas the development is generally obscured via a bewildering variety of international locations, businesses and associations, lots of that are hugely secretive, the Nordic concentration during this booklet offers the chance to monitor the method in a clearer, extra obvious form.
It strains the direct connections among the top of the dams period within the North and the export of the expertise to the South, through relief. via certain research of dams/ relief case stories, the booklet situates case reports in a large comparative and theoretical perspective.
Contributors: Øystein Dalland, Lars Lövgren, Claude Mung’ong’o, Gráinne Ryder, Juan Pablo Orrego Silva, Maria Vedin.
Ann Danaiya Usher has lined wooded area and water politics and North—South questions as a journalist when you consider that 1987. In Bangkok she labored as a employees author at the Thai day-by-day newspaper, The state. relocating to Stockholm in 1993 she has investigated the environmental affects of Nordic relief initiatives whereas operating for the Swedish environmental journal Sveriges Natur, after which as a correspondent for the Oslo-based magazine improvement at the present time.
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Extra resources for DAMS AS AID A political anatomy of Nordic development thinking
Talbot, Lee M. and Le Moigne, Guy (1989) Dams and the Environment: Considerations in World Bank Projects, World Bank Technical Paper No. C. Pircher, W. (1992) ‘36,000 large dams and still more needed’, paper presented to the Seventh Biennial Conference of the British Dam Society, University of Stirling, 25 June. : Beacon Press. Sklar, Leonard and McCully, Patrick (1994) Damming the Rivers: The World Bank’s Lending for Large Dams, International Rivers Network, Working Paper 5, San Francisco, November.
The solution they came up with neatly suited these conditions: the idea was for a group of older Fältbiologerna members to stand in front of the dam—in the middle of the former riverbed, as it were—and so force a delay in the release of water. This would provide enough time for the younger ones to deliver their message, and act as an ‘interface’ with the audience. The logistics were, however, no simple matter because both river banks were heavily patrolled by Vattenfall employees and police, precisely to ensure that no one was anywhere near the path of the water.
Falls Day was a big fake’, said Jacobsson, reflecting on the action ten years later. ‘It should have been a day for grieving, not for celebration. ’ The length of the Ume river was indeed extensively dammed, with a total capacity to generate 2,006 megawatts of electricity from 17 stations. But the development of this river pales before that of the Lule some 250 kilometres to the north, which flows south-east from its source in the mountains across the Arctic Circle into the Baltic Sea. The first dam on the Lule river was built in 1914 at Porjus, a village 50 kilometres upstream from Jokkmokk—names that are synonymous with Swedish hydro-power history.