By Mark Wyman
"Wyman has written a hugely readable account of the circulation of numerous ethnic and cultural teams of Europe's displaced people, 1945–1951. An research of the social, fiscal, and political situations during which relocation, resettlement, and repatriation of thousands of individuals happened, this examine is both a research in international relations, in diplomacy, and in social background. . . . A bright and compassionate sport of the occasions and conditions in which displaced individuals came across themselves, of the concepts and skill during which humans survived or didn't, and an account of the key powers in keeping with an remarkable human trouble mark this as an enormous book."―Choice
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Additional info for DPs: Europe's Displaced Persons, 1945-51
Still more were needed. Children as young as ten years of age were recruited. Early successes on the Russian front brought in a flood of 3 . 5 million Soviet prisoners , but the desire to treat them as Untermenschen, along with poor German planning, resulted in an enormous death toll among them from inadequate food, clothing, and shelter. Over 5 million Soviet prisoners of war were eventually held by the Germans, but this total was reduced by starvation, disease, desertion, and recruitment into German forces to 1 .
The most famous of these non-German units was the Russkaia Osvoboditelnaia Armiia (ROA , or Russian Army of Liberation), formed late in the war by General Andrei Andreevich Vlasov. Vlasov, a rising Soviet general praised for his heroics in the defense of Moscow in late 1 94 1 , was captured the following summer near Leningrad. Harboring a longstanding bitterness against the Sta linist regime-which had seized his father's land earlier-and angry over what he felt was abandonment of his forces in the swamps near Leningrad, Vlasov urged his Nazi captors to permit him to organize other pri soners from the Red Army.
3 0 The Soviet takeover brought disruption to the Pocs family along 32 D P : E U ROPE'S DISPLACED PERSONS with thousands of other Latvians. Pocs's parents were transferred to another, distant, school, which meant the family had to leave its castle home. Within · schools the changes were more drastic : The Communists ended religious instruction, brought in Soviet text books , and planted spies among the pupils. (An Estonian school principal recalled that in those months of Communist control she was required to attend gatherings where " upon the instigation of two or three rowdie s , the mood of the whole meeting would change.