By Richard Brewer
Land trusts, or conservancies, shield land by means of possessing it. This version of saving land via deepest motion has turn into dominant purely because the Eighties and this booklet bargains a whole remedy of the U.S. land belief circulate as a vital function of present efforts to guard the surroundings.
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Additional resources for Conservancy: The Land Trust Movement in America
The proposal for forming the Trustees of Reservations came from the merger of his profession with his feeling of duty toward society. S. population was rural, and no city was as large as 400,000. By 1890, the strictly rural percentage had dropped to 65 percent, and the largest city, New York, had a population of nearly two million. Accounts by some historians and sociologists suggest a picture of the rural areas emptying as men and women sought jobs in the factories, mills, and sweat shops of the cities.
31 Even though the Trustees was immediately successful, few new land trusts were started. Instead, advocacy organizations, some of which occasionally owned land, were forming throughout the East in the years prior to 1900. Besides the Audubon societies and a couple of Ohio museums (Cincinnati and Dayton), only one organization listed in the Land Trust Alliance’s one line short Brewer: Conservancy page 25 History 25 directory had a pre-1900 founding date. This was the Connecticut Forest and Park Association, founded in 1895.
The League also had an executive committee of about twenty members, chaired by Merriam. We have seen that the lands available for protection by the Trustees of Reservations were privately owned, relict fragments, while the Sierra Club targeted large blocks still in the hands of the federal government. Large stands of coastal redwoods north of San Francisco Bay, the focus of the Save-the-Redwoods League, still existed, but the government had already given the land away. The groves were falling to the lumberman’s ax at an increasing rate and, realistically, most could only be protected by purchase.