By Anand Menon, Martin A. Schain
Comparative federalism is now a huge subject, with scholarly paintings evaluating the united states and ecu 'proliferating rapidly'. the current quantity seeks to construct on and give a contribution to this growing to be literature, by way of constructing a scientific comparability of the associations, regulations and developmental styles of the eu Union and the USA.
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Extra resources for Comparative Federalism: The European Union and the United States in Comparative Perspective
The party in a sense served as the channel by which state officials were able to make themselves heard. American parties however began to rely less and less on state and localelected officials. Candidates raised their own funds and ran their own campaigns as primaries became increasingly important mechanisms for selecting candidates. Furthermore, in the post-1968 period ‘far more authoritative national party organs emerged’ (Walker 2000: 15). With the demise of the decentralized party organization, the nationalization of the American policy process moved forward very significantly.
The EU budget has been roughly n100 billion a year and most of those funds are designated for agricultural subsides and regional development. The EU exercises power far more through legislation than through money for the simple reason that it has very little money to spend. In fact, the power to legislate has been the EU’s key source of strength in creating a powerful regional organization. Such legislation has allowed the EU to engage in the rough equivalent of federal preemption—partial as well as total preemption.
Nor is it to deny the analytical leverage provided by principal–agent models in the analysis of such relationships. The argument here is simply that the key variables dictating the nature of the principal–agent relationship in the EU take on different values than is the case within states. Member-state resources imply that informational asymmetries will be less frequent, and less severe, than the literature on US politics implies. Informational problems are mitigated in the international realm, and hence assumptions 43 International Relations in the European Union utilized in a domestic context may need to be amended before being applied to an international organization.