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By Ian R.G. Spencer

British immigration coverage on the grounds that 1939

In the gap of lower than part a century, Britain has shifted from being a nearly all-white society to 1 within which ethnicity and race are major social and political components. This booklet lines the chronology of this transition from the second one global battle, during the first restrictive laws on immigration within the Sixties, to the advance of robust ethnic groups in glossy British society.

Based on a close examine of lately published archival fabric, Ian Spencer’s booklet is exclusive in its assurance of post-war immigration from a old point of view. From this proof, Spencer contends that the cost of black and Asian humans was once now not welcomed at any degree by way of the British govt. the writer files the restrictive measures which did not hinder the fast inflow within the past due Fifties and Sixties of individuals from a wide selection of backgrounds and nationalities who displayed substantial initiative in overcoming stumbling blocks positioned of their way.

Ian R.G.Spencer is an autonomous advisor operating in schooling and equivalent possibilities. he's the previous Head of heritage, De Montfort college, Leicester.

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Extra info for British immigration policy since 1939 The making of multi-racial Britain

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They would soon be in a position to sponsor other members of their kinship group whom they would also help with jobs and accommodation on arrival. 43 Many of the sailors may have returned to sea at the end of the war, particularly if their employment in war-related industries ceased after the end of hostilities. However, it is likely that a substantial proportion of these men came back to Britain following the partition of the Indian Empire in 1947. The partition had an extremely damaging effect on both communities by locating their place of residence and the port in which they gained employment in different countries.

The most frequently repeated justification—and probably the most important reason—for these policies was fear of a repetition of the serious outbreaks of inter-racial violence that had occurred in 1919: in Glasgow in January, in South Shields in January and February, in London in April, and in Liverpool, Cardiff, Barry and Newport in June. These disturbances were not the first examples of collective racial violence in Britain. There had been clashes in the 1870s, and in 1911 Cardiff’s Chinese community had been attacked.

The continuation of very high unemployment levels induced the unions, allied to various local authorities responsible for welfare and for law and order, to press for further restrictions. The Special Restriction (Coloured Alien Seamen) Order of 1925 brought all sailors under the provisions of the Order of 1920 and was applied to all coloured seamen irrespective of their citizenship and nationality. Under the Order the police were empowered to arrest an alien without a warrant. Those subject to the Order were obliged to register with the police and to obtain and carry an alien seaman registration certificate (in effect, an identity card).

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