Download Biometric Recognition: Challenges and Opportunities by Whither Biometrics Committee, National Research Council PDF

By Whither Biometrics Committee, National Research Council

Biometric recognition--the automatic popularity of people according to their behavioral and organic characteristic--is promoted for you to support determine terrorists, offer higher keep watch over of entry to actual amenities and monetary money owed, and bring up the potency of entry to companies and their usage. Biometric reputation has been utilized to id of criminals, sufferer monitoring in scientific informatics, and the personalization of social companies, between different issues. even with big attempt, even though, there stay unresolved questions about the effectiveness and administration of structures for biometric acceptance, in addition to the appropriateness and societal impression in their use. in addition, most of the people has been uncovered to biometrics mostly as high-technology devices in secret agent thrillers or as fear-instilling tools of kingdom or company surveillance in speculative fiction. Now, as biometric applied sciences seem poised for broader use, elevated matters approximately nationwide protection and the monitoring of people as they move borders have brought on passports, visas, and border-crossing files to be associated with biometric info. a spotlight on combating insurgencies and terrorism has resulted in the army deployment of biometric instruments to let popularity of people as good friend or foe. Commercially, finger-imaging sensors, whose expense and actual dimension were lowered, now look on many computing device own pcs, hand held units, cell phones, and different customer units. Biometric reputation: demanding situations and possibilities addresses the problems surrounding broader implementation of this know-how, making details: first, biometric attractiveness platforms are awfully advanced, and want to be addressed as such. moment, biometric acceptance is an inherently probabilistic activity. therefore, even if the know-how and the approach within which it's embedded are behaving as designed, there's inevitable uncertainty and danger of errors. This publication elaborates on those topics intimately to supply coverage makers, builders, and researchers a complete overview of biometric acceptance that examines present services, destiny chances, and the position of presidency in expertise and method development.--Publisher's description.

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Additional resources for Biometric Recognition: Challenges and Opportunities

Sample text

Keystroke Keystroke dynamics are a biometric trait that some hypothesize may be distinctive to individuals. Indeed, there is a long tradition of recognizing Morse code operators by their “fists”—the distinctive patterns individuals used to create messages. However, keystroke dynamics are strongly affected by context, such as the person’s emotional state, his or her posture, type of keyboard, and so on. Comparison of Modalities Each biometric modality has its pros and cons, some of which were mentioned in the descriptions above.

Pdf. 19 A. K. Jain, Multimodal biometrics: An overview. Proceedings of 12th European Signal Processing Conference. pdf. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Biometric Recognition: Challenges and Opportunities 36 BIOMETRIC RECOGNITION ware (sensors) and software (algorithms) to capture and process each modality being used. Hybrid systems that combine the above also may prove useful. For example, one could use multiple algorithms for each modality of a multimodal system.

13 Anil K. Jain, Arun Ross, and Salil Prabhakar, An introduction to biometric recognition, IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, Special Issue on Image- and Video-Based Biometrics 14(1) (2004). Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Biometric Recognition: Challenges and Opportunities 32 BIOMETRIC RECOGNITION summarized briefly here. Many of the issues associated with biometric systems (and correspondingly much of the discussion in this report) are not modality-specific, although of course the choice of modality has implications for system design and, potentially, system performance.

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