Download Biological and Environmental Aspects of Chromium by S. Langard, S. Langård PDF

By S. Langard, S. Langård

Organic and Environmental facets of Chromium specializes in the organic and environmental points of chromium and its compounds, with emphasis at the most vital facets in their toxicology and body structure. issues lined diversity from the creation and occupational publicity of chromium compounds to the presence of chromium in air, soil, and usual waters. The functions of chromium in mobilephone biology and drugs also are discussed.

Comprised of eleven chapters, this quantity starts off with an summary of the poisonous and carcinogenic results of chromium and chromium compounds, by means of a dialogue at the creation and occupational publicity of chromium compounds. The reader is then brought to the extra universal analytical tools utilized in the decision of chromium in environmental and organic samples. next chapters discover the dietary position of chromium; absorption, delivery, and excretion of chromium in people and animals; mutagenic and cytogenetic results of chromium compounds; and organ toxicity of chromium in animals. The carcinogenic results of chromium, together with its results at the dermis, also are considered.

This monograph may be of curiosity to scholars, practitioners, and researchers within the fields of biology, body structure, and chemistry, in addition to people with an target curiosity within the ways that chromium and its compounds act in organic fabrics and within the human setting.

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Sec. Sociale 38, 1001-1013. Milby, T. , Hey, M. , Gibson, R. L. and Stockinger, H. E. (1964) in Occupational Diseases. A Guide to their Recognition (Gfafer, M. ) PHS Pub. 1097, pp. 1 2 0 122, USDHEW. Müos, J. Ε. (1947) Ind. Med. 16, 4 0 4 - 4 0 5 . , Oswald, J. , Draper, C. R. and Pinner, R. (1954) in Chromium Plating (Draper, C. ), Teddington. C. NIOSH (1975) Criteria for a Recommended Standard for Occupational Exposure to Chromium VI. C. ( 7 6 - 1 2 9 ) . A. , Mikami, H. and Murao, M. (1978) Thorax 33, 3 7 2 - 2 7 4 .

12 Occupational chromium exposures. Reference Plant Observations Range of Cr(VI) Concentration Mg/m3 Mancuso and Hueper, 1975 Chromate VI chemical USPHS, 1953 90-550 10-150 100-600 50-170 Vigliani and Zurlo, 1955 Machle and Gregorius, 1948 Chromate plant studied by Mancuso 1974. 4-17,000 0-13,000 0 - 2,700 R. M. 13 Measurements of occupational exposure levels of Cr (VI) in the plating industry. 09 - 0 . 11 - 0 . 007 Local Floating plastic chips only Local Local plus chips due to the release of the energy stored in the surface tension.

1979) J. Oil. Col. Chem. Assoc. 62, 1 5 7 - 1 6 3 . Davies, J. M. (1978) The Lancet 1, 384. Dodge, B. F. and Reams, D. C. (1947) Proc. Am. Electrop. Soc. 34, 2 4 9 - 2 6 9 . Duepernell, G. (1974) in Modern Electroplating (Lowenheim, F. , pp. Y. Eppensteiner, F. W. and Jenkins, M. R. (1977) Metal Finishing Guidebook and Directory, pp. 5 4 0 - 5 5 6 . Metals and Plastics Publications, Inc. J. Eskilsson, C , Ekelund, S. and Werlefors, T. (1977) Swedish Institute for Metal Research, Stockholm, Report IM-1244.

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