Download Biofuels for road transport: a seed to wheel perspective by Lucas Reijnders PDF

By Lucas Reijnders

Biofuels for highway delivery: A Seed to Wheel Perspective offers a evaluate of the historical past, the present prestige and the effect of biofuels utilized in highway shipping, around the complete ‘seed-to-wheel’ lifestyles cycle of those fuels. Successive chapters disguise many concerns appropriate to the present debate on biofuels, equivalent to rate, pageant with foodstuff creation, contribution to power safety, use of normal assets, and environmental influence. the ultimate bankruptcy addresses universal matters approximately biofuels, together with questions about sustainability and executive policy.

Biofuels for street shipping: A Seed to Wheel Perspective is a worthwhile reference for pro engineers, researchers and postgraduate scholars all in favour of biofuels, renewable power (including bioenergy) and the car industry.

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2007; Barrett 2007; Amigun et al. 2008; Nguyen et al. 2008). Estimated bioethanol production volumes for 2006 in the main production areas are given in Fig. 2 and sum up to a world estimate of 51 ×106 m3 . The estimated world production of bioethanol in 2007 was 54 ×106 Mg (Monfort 2008). 4 ×106 Mg, with the share of the European Union being approximately 77% and of 20 15 10 5 R us sia So ut h Af ric a Th ai la nd U kr ai ne C ol om bi a In di a Eu C hi ro na pe an U ni on SA U Br az il 0 Fig. 2 Estimated production volumes of ethanol as a transport fuel in 2006 (Licht 2006; Antoni et al.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 52:741–755 Cloin J (2007) Coconut oil as a fuel in the Pacific Islands. S. hydrogen fuel cell vehicle fleet: the resultant change in emissions, energy use, and greenhouse gases. J Power Sources 150:150–181 Cooke FM (2002) Vulnerability, control and oil palm in Sarawak: globalization and a new era? Dev Change 33:189–211 Coombs A (2007) Glycerin bioprocessing goes green. Nat Biotechnol 25:953–954 Critchley AT, Ohno M, Largo DB (eds) (2006) World seaweed resources: an authoritative reference system.

However, experience shows that predictions as to when biofuels become competitive with fossil fuels are subject to a major uncertainty – the prices of feedstocks. This is exemplified by the situation in 2008. Crude oil prices temporarily achieved price levels in the order of greater than US $100 per barrel, but biofuel feedstock prices also rose sharply. 5–3 times higher than that of mineral-oil-derived diesel (Canakci and Sanli 2008). For feedstocks that may also serve as a basis for food, major changes in prices are well known from the past.

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