By Seog-Chan Oh, Alfred J. Hildreth
This e-book introduces the problems and difficulties that come up whilst enforcing shrewdpermanent power administration for sustainable production within the car production and the analytical instruments and functions to house them. It makes use of a few illustrative examples to give an explanation for strength administration in car production, which contains so much different types of production know-how and diverse degrees of strength intake.
It demonstrates how analytical instruments might help increase strength administration approaches, together with forecasting, intake, and function research, rising new know-how identity in addition to funding judgements for setting up clever power intake practices.
It additionally information sensible strength administration platforms, making it a worthy source for pros enthusiastic about actual power administration approaches, and permitting readers to enforce the methods and purposes presented.
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Additional info for Analytics for Smart Energy Management: Tools and Applications for Sustainable Manufacturing
For more speciﬁc details of the theoretical development on this connection, see Boyd (2008). An input oriented distance function corresponding to Eq. 10) is as follows: & ' Ei =Yi DI ðZi ; Ei =Yi Þ ¼ sup ; : can process Zi to produce one unit of vehicle ; ð2:11Þ Since a distance function is deﬁned, it is possible to calculate the TFP index. In our context, the TFP index requires four distance function values, speciﬁcally, DtI ðZt ; Et =Yt Þ, DtI þ Dt ðZt ; Et =Yt Þ, DtI ðZt þ Dt ; Et þ Dt =Yt þ Dt Þ, and DIt þ Dt ðZt þ Dt ; Et þ Dt = Yt þ Dt Þ, where the notation DtI ðZt þ Dt ; Et þ Dt =Yt þ Dt Þ represents the distance from the period t þ Dt observation to the period t technology.
Energy use is a large, but mandatory, expense incurred by manufacturers or facility operators and contributes to Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. Depending on the type of business, energy cost can range from less than 1 % of operating expense to more than 30 %. Additionally, energy use in facilities and operations accounts for 66 % of the total greenhouse gas emissions, with transportation being the remaining 34 % of GHG emissions. Although the expense may be a small portion of operating expense, the cost and environmental impact is signiﬁcant for many companies.
4 Breakeven cost points of pneumatic and electric actuators Scenario Number of actuators Unit cost of electric actuators with the unit cost of pneumatic actuators ﬁxed Scenario-1 Scenario-2 Scenario-3 9 16 91 $1,760 $1,000 $500 In detail, Figs. 14 report that pneumatic actuators have a higher unit cost than electric actuators if there are less than 9 actuators in the system for scenario-1 where the unit of price of electric actuator is assumed $1,760. 16 report that pneumatic actuators have a higher unit cost than electric actuators if there are less than 16 actuators in the system for scenario-2 where the unit of price of electric actuator is assumed $1,000.