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By Lukas Thommen

In historical Greece and Rome an ambiguous dating constructed among guy and nature, and this decisively made up our minds the style within which they handled the surroundings. at the one hand, nature used to be conceived as an area characterised and inhabited by means of divine powers, which deserved applicable recognize. at the different, a rationalist view emerged, in response to which people have been to subdue nature utilizing their applied sciences and to get rid of its assets. This booklet systematically describes the ways that the Greeks and Romans intervened within the surroundings and therefore strains the heritage of the strain among the exploitation of assets and the safety of nature, from early Greece to the interval of past due antiquity. while it analyses the excellent commencing up of the Mediterranean and the northern frontier areas, either for cost and for monetary task. The book's point and strategy make it hugely obtainable to scholars and non-specialists.

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See especially Chap. 5. 4. Liebig’s 1840 pathbreaking work in soil science, widely known as Agricultural Chemistry, bore the full title Organic Chemistry in its Application to Agriculture and Physiology. 5. See, for example, Altieri (2000). For a particularly visionary approach toward a sustainable “perennial polyculture” form of food production, see Jackson (1980). 6. php 7. For a layman’s introduction to this approach, see, for example, Lowenfels and Lewis (2010). 8. Although it is common among those unfamiliar with Marx’s Capital to attribute these effects to the “industrial” model of production, it is worth considering that in Marx’s analysis the dominance of the quantitative measure of value—exchange value—over the qualitative character of products—their use value—is the fundamental contradiction of capitalism.

2010; Subak 1999; Pelletier et al. 2010; Peters et al. 2010), and the difficulty of comparing these studies due to differing methodologies (De Boer 2003), it is difficult to conclude that one type of production system is better than the others based on GHG emissions criteria alone. However, it is clear that intensifying animal production systems has a significant negative impact on local air and water quality, while diminishing animal welfare (Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production 2008, pp.

1). The combined impacts of flooding, drought, and high temperatures may stress crops and farm animals, jeopardizing food production. Additionally, agriculture will be at increased risk from pests, fire, and disease (Easterling et al. 2007, p. 275). 3 Protecting Food Security, the Rural Poor, and the Environment… 25 Developing countries, while projected to become larger contributors to the global climate crisis, are also expected to bear the brunt of its impacts (United Nations Development Program.

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