By W H G Armytage
A Social historical past of Engineering indicates how social and financial stipulations in every one age have caused advances in engineering. There are, briefly, monetary, political, and philosophical implications in altering applied sciences. whereas the booklet starts off with the Stone Age, the Greeks, and the Romans, the majority of the amount concentrates at the 19th and 20th centuries. A Social historical past of Engineering displays Professor Armytage's detailed topic region pursuits, particularly nineteenth-century commercial society, radical and socialist hobbies, the background association, and the examine of upper and technical schooling.
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Additional info for A Social History of Engineering
Consultations between experts are recorded as to whether arches were possible. Piles were driven. 'Claving grains' of stone were known. Blocks and pulleys. windlasses and even inclined tramways on the scaffolding were used to move materials. Measurement and calculation involved in the works are recorded and G. P. Jones has said that 'there can be no doubt about the capacity of medieval architects to make such geometrical drawings as were required '. The choir of St. Peter's at O 43 Anglo-French Civilization, 1100-1399 Beauvais rose to a height of 150 feet and only with the advent of steel has that height been exceeded.
William Byker appears first as 'engineer of the King's war slings' and then as artillator domini regis in turre Londoniarum when he was making cannon. T. F. Tout says that the officers who looked after firearms elsewhere than the Tower of London were 'engineers, not accounting officers or clerks'. Edward III certainly used miners from the Forest of Dean and smiths from the City of London in his campaigns in France, for at Calais in 1346 they mustered 314 out of the total of 31,294 men in his forces.
Probably the work of Valerius or of Decrianus of Ostria, it marks the culmination of Roman ingenuity, for the tremendous thrust of the dome has with stood eighteen hundred years of the depredations of man and nature. D. D. D. 399. D. 608 it was consecrated as a Christ ian church and the Pope had twenty-eight cartloads of early martyrs' 31 The Romans bones buried under the fabric. D. 663 the gilded bronze tiles of the rotunda were stripped from the dome by the Byzantine Emperor Constans II, and a later Pope was subsequently forced to cover it with lead.