Download A History of Western Educational Ideas by Peter Gordon, Denis Lawton PDF

By Peter Gordon, Denis Lawton

There are various points of an schooling method that in simple terms make experience if we all know how that procedure has built over the years. a part of this comes from figuring out how associations have replaced, however it can be very important to appreciate how rules in schooling have developed.
This publication discusses the continual improvement of academic notion over 3 millennia. the point of interest upon the historical past of principles during this quantity is partially an try to circulation heritage of schooling clear of an technique according to 'great males' to technological, monetary and political affects on rules and ideology. It reports many concerns, starting from the needs of schooling from the earliest instances, to the problem of postmodernism within the current century. The authors offer an obtainable and thought-provoking advisor to the academic principles that underlie perform.

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Muslim scholars have correctly been given credit for preserving and developing the classical heritage of Greece and Rome. This process of Islamic educational development began during the Umayyad Caliphate (66 1 -750): Greek science was encouraged in Syria; schools were patronised in Alexandria, Beirut and Antioch, and several other cities where the classical tradition had survived in schools. The encouragement of classical cultural traditions was intensified during the Abbasid Caliphate (750- 1 1 00): Greek texts, such as Plato and Aristotle as well as Galen's medical works were translated into Arabic, sometimes by Hebrew and Persian scholars.

There were also social problems: in Rome and elsewhere the gap between rich and poor had grown to a dangerous extent, and there was little to bind citizens together, no religious faith, no philosophy of life, no great philosophical ideal. Moreover, corruption was the order of the day, and self-appointed moralists bemoaned the decline of traditional values and family life. Second, there were increasing external pressures on the Empire, including the city of Rome itself, from ' Barbarians' of various ethnic origins coming from the north and the east.

Before embarking upon that narrative we should say more about Byzantium. Education in Orthodox Byzantium Although Latin remained the official language of the Byzantine Empire, by the fifth century Greek had become dominant linguistically and culturally. The majority of the population was Greek. This was important because Byzantium became a new culture, part Roman, part Greek, and from a religious point of view strongly Christian, sometimes fanatically so. Constantinople was a very large city at the centre of the Empire and needed vast numbers of literate officials and priests.

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