Download A Creative Approach to Music Fundamentals , Tenth Edition by William Duckworth PDF

By William Duckworth

The world over well known composer William Duckworth covers tune basics in 14 concise major chapters supplemented by way of eleven enrichment appendices, providing prolonged insurance in the event you wish extra guideline.

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Extra resources for A Creative Approach to Music Fundamentals , Tenth Edition

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Focus 21 Think of music written down on paper as a storage and retrieval system. In this system, musical information is stored by the composer in a code of shapes and symbols. A performer wishing to turn this written code back into sound must understand not only which musical elements are being dealt with but also how they are encoded. The key to reading and writing Western music is to realize that the written music of our culture focuses on and encodes two major musical elements: pitch, which is the basis of melody and harmony; and duration, through which the rhythm flows.

The musical distance between two pitches, whether sounded or written on the staff, is called an interval. Half Steps The smallest interval on the piano is a half step. This is the distance from any key to the key immediately above or below it. The following example shows the three situations in which half steps can occur: (1) between a white key and a black key, (2) between a black key and a white key, and (3) between a white key and a white key. Notice that the third possibility, between a white key and a white key, appears in only two places in each octave—between E and F and between B and C.

The Basics of Music At first, it may seem needlessly confusing that one black key can have two different names, but once you understand the pattern, it will make sense. It is important to remember that each of the white keys has its own letter name (A through G), while each of the black keys is related to, and takes its name from, the white key on either side of it. For practice naming the black keys, see Practice Materials 1-8. Musical Distances The piano keyboard has the important characteristic of allowing us to visualize musical distances.

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